I have a fun new art technique to show you today! Oil Pastel Scratch Art! This is the type of artwork that I’ve been doing personally over the last year and a half. So, I’ve learned from my own trial and error on many, many artworks. I’ve probably done at least 25 of these. I’ve also done quite of few of this process with my 7 year old son. It can definitely be modified for older or younger students. Oil Pastel scratch art is also be really fun for adults. It’s a fairly quick process too, which makes it even better!
Have you ever made your own homemade scratch art paper? I’ve done it a lot with my high school art students. You just color a sheet of tagboard with heavy oil pastels (crayon works too.), coat it with black acrylic paint, and scratch to create designs, etc. My Art 2 students used to do this to create animals using these (because its great for fur texture!) each semester.
This is a very similar process with a few minor changes.
Here’s what you’ll need for Oil Pastel Scratch Art:
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- Substrate (For this I’ve used a variety of items; watercolor paper, tagboard, canvas, canvasette paper, canvas panels, and even wood, like these panels).
- Oil Pastels (I prefer the Craypas brand. I love these Junior artist sets. Super affordable and I honestly can’t tell much difference between the Juniors and the Professional (Expressionist) sets for this technique!)
- Black Acrylic Paint. (I use Blickrylic or Blick Matte Acrylic which I really like!)
- A Scratching Tool ( an etching tool, wood scratch sticks, wood scratch styluses, etc. A push pin taped to a pencil works, too!)
- A Sharpie or other permanent black marker.
- A large flat paint brush (I like these!) (for the black paint).
- Optional: Large clean paint brush or a small broom.
- Optional: a tiny blob of dish soap.
- Optional: Spray Fix, Spray Clear Coat or Varnish.
Select your substrate for your oil pastel scratch art. My favorite for this technique is canvas panels, but tagboard works great and is a lot cheaper for larger groups!
Decide what to draw. I usually sketch my design out with a pencil first. Then, go over all the lines with a Sharpie marker.
Begin to color with oil pastel. Apply the pastel rather thickly. I like to use light colors. I never use black oil pastel. You can add some shadows, but overall, keep it lighter and brighter than you would for a normal oil pastel drawing.
Cover the WHOLE paper or canvas panel with oil pastel. You want to press hard and burnish, covering everything. Any area uncovered will remain black. If you want an area to stay white, you have to color it white with oil pastel.
Use the black acrylic paint. Coat the whole oil pastel drawing with the paint. You can add a little drop of dish soap to the paint to make it slightly easier to remove, but it’s not really necessary. I coat my whole artwork with a VERY, VERY THIN coat of black. You want to still be able to see the drawing through the thin layer. This is super helpful. If the paint is too thick, add a little splash of water. Allow this to dry. If you are impatient, like me, pull out the blow dryer. 🙂
Find your scratch tool. I use the metal etching tool. However, if you are using tagboard, the etching tool is a little sharp. The wood tools work best for that and for younger students. Since you can see through the black paint, you can see where to scratch! I like to leave some areas black. I use hatching lines, cross-hatching, scumbling, etc. based on the items I’m drawing. I even have removed the black paint to create wood texture. Experiment with this and you’ll find a lot of cool textures can be created with the scratching tool! Leave more black paint in the shadowed areas.
From time to time, you’ll probably want to remove the black paint dust from the artwork. Dump it over a trash can. I use a large, clean, flat paintbrush as a little broom. Finalize with a good dusting and voila! You can coat with a layer or two of spray fixative, spray varnish or a brush-on varnish. I prefer the spray fixative.